Moçambique has several National Game Parks famous for their rich flora and fauna. After years of civil war, the game started coming back to Moçambique in big quantities so that today you can find the big five (elephant, lion, buffalo, hippo and rhino) living in these parks.
Marimba Secret Gardens lies not far from the unique Great Limpopo Transfrontier National Park, the biggest game park worldwide!!
Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
The Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park (GLTP) is a massive transfrontier national park, meaning Peace Park. It links Mozambique’s Limpopo National Park (formerly Coutada 16), South Africa’s Kruger National Park, and three Zimbabwean conservation areas to form a protected area of 35,000 km2. The relocation of some 1,000 elephants from the overcrowded Kruger to the Limpopo National Park began in 2001, and in March 2004 a plan was executed to increase the size of the peace park to 99,800 km2.
The GLTP contains a vast tract of dry, low-rainfall savannah that is permeated by several rivers running to the east coast. The area is divided in two by the Lebombo Mountains between South Africa and Mozambique, which rise to an altitude of only about 500m.
The huge peace park contains an astounding diversity of wildlife and plant species, including at least 147 mammal species, and an amazing 500 bird species, as well as nearly 2,000 species of vegetation.
The Kruger National Park offers a wildlife experience that ranks with the best in Africa.
The largest game reserve in South Africa, the Kruger National Park is larger than Israel! Nearly 2 million hectares of land that stretch for 352 kilometres (20,000 square kilometres) from north to south along the Mozambique border, offers an almost indescribable wildlife experience. The Kruger National Park lies across the provinces of Mpumalanga and Limpopo in the north of South Africa, just south of Zimbabwe and west of Mozambique. It now forms part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park – a peace park that links Kruger National Park with game parks in Zimbabwe and Mozambique, and fences are already coming down to allow game to freely roam in much the way it would have in the time before man’s intervention. When complete, the Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park will extend across 35,000 square kilometres, 58% of it South African, 24% Mozambican and 18% Zimbabwean territory.
This is the land of Baobabs, Fever Trees, Dnob Thorns, Marula and Mopane Trees which provide food and shelter for the Big Five, the Little Five (Buffalo Weaver, Elephant Shrew, Leopard Tortoise, Ant Lion and Rhino Beetle), the birding Big Six (Ground Hornbill, Kori Bustard, Lappet-faced Vulture, Martial Eagle, Pel’s fishing Owl and Saddle-bill Stork) and more species of mammals than any other African Game Reserve.
As one of the most recognized National Parks worldwide, Kruger is home to an impressive number of species; 49 fish, 34 amphibians, 114 reptiles, 336 trees, 507 birds and 150 mammals.
Gorongosa National Park
Gorongosa National Park is located at the southern end of the Great African Rift Valley in the heart of Mozambique. The 3,770 square kilometer park includes the valley floor and parts of surrounding plateaus. Rivers originating on nearby 1863-meter Mount Gorongosa water the plain.
Seasonal flooding and waterlogging of the valley, which is composed of a mosaic of different soil types, creates a variety of distinct ecosystems. Grasslands are dotted with patches of Acacia Trees, Savannah, dry forest on sands and seasonally rain-filled pans and termite hill thickets. The plateaus contain Miombo and Montane forests and a spectacular rain forest at the base of a series of limestone gorges.
This combination of unique features, at one time, supported some of the densest wildlife populations in all of Africa, including charismatic carnivores, herbivores and over 500 bird species.
Large mammal numbers were reduced by as much as 95% and ecosystems were stressed during Mozambique’s thirty-year civil conflict at the end of the 20th century. But during the past few years, there has been more and more wildlife returning to the park.